What Causes Epithelial Cells to Show Up in Urine and When to Be Concerned

Epithelial Cells in Urine - Epithelial cells in our urine is a very common thing and should not be worried about it.

But whenever these Epithelial Cells start coming in excess quantity in the urine, then it is a sign of some disease.

Let us know what are Epithelial Cells and what is the meaning of Epithelial Cells coming in urine.

What are Epithelial Cells

Epithelial cells are found in our skin. Such as in the upper part of the skin, in the upper part of the nerves, in the urinary tract and in the upper part of other parts of the body.

Epithelial cells separate the inner and outer parts of our body and protect our body from viruses.

Epithelial cells are of three types

1) Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells

These cells are the most important Epithelial Cells. Their presence in urine indicates kidney failure. These are also called Renal Cells.
2) Squamous Epithelial Cells

These Epithelial cells are very large and are mostly found in the urine of women as they are found in the vagina and urinary tract.


squamous epithelial cells

3) Transitional Epithelial Cells

Transitional cells are also called bladder cells and are mostly found in the urine of men above 40.
These epithelial cells are found in the urinary tract and renal pelvis of men.

Epithelial Cells in Urine Normal Range

The report of Epithelial Cells in urine is divided into three parts, Few, Moderate and Many, in which Few is considered normal while Moderate and Many are considered a sign of disease.
Generally having more than 15 Epithelial Cells is considered as a sign of some disease.
Sometimes the amount of Epithelial Cells in the urine increases when sample is contaminated or not taken properly.

Reason for Epithelial Cells in Urine

It is a common thing to have Epithelial Cells in the urine, but its excessive amount shows some disease like

1) Kidney disease

2) Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

3) Stone in kidney

4) Damage to the kidney due to the side effects of the medicine

5) Liver disease

6) Certain types of cancer

7) Nephrotic Syndrome

8) High blood pressure

9) Diabetes

10) Pregnancy

11) Prostate gland disease

Symptoms of Epithelial Cells in Urine

1) Frequent urination

2) Pain or burning while urinating

3) Pain in the lower abdomen or back

4) Intermittent urination

5) Foam in urine


Treatment of Epithelial Cells in Urine

If epithelial cells are coming in your urine, then first of all the doctor sees the reason for the coming of epithelial cells and treats them accordingly.
For example, in most of the cases, epithelial cells come in urine only in kidney infection, kidney stone and kidney diseases.
In such a situation, the doctor understands those reasons by getting some other tests done and treats them.
In such cases you should consult your doctor.

What other tests should be done when epithelial cells are found in urine

When epithelial cells come in urine, you must get some tests done so that the right disease can be known like

1) Kidney Function Test (KFT)

2) ultrasound

3) PSA Blood Test

4) CBC Test

5) HbA1c

Who is most likely to have epithelial cells in their urine

If you do not have any disease and epithelial cells are coming in your urine, then it means that your urine sample has not been taken properly and it has become contaminated.
This type of result is called Squamous Epithelial Cells in Urine.
In some diseases, epithelial cells start appearing in the urine.
People who are struggling with a particular disease or health condition are most likely to have epithelial cells in their urine such as

1) Kidney stone

2) Kidney disease

3) Diabetes

4) High blood pressure

5) Family history of kidney disease

6) Prostate disease

7) Pregnant women



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Lav Tripathi

Lav Tripathi is the co-founder of Bretlyzer Healthcare & www.capejasmine.org He is a full-time blogger, trader, and Online marketing expert for the last 10 years. His passion for blogging and content marketing helps people to grow their businesses.

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